Ibadan Journal of the Social Sciences
Volume 10, No. 1, 2012
DOI: 10.36108/ijss/2102.01.0140

Residential Building Design and Conflict in Agbowo Area of Ibadan, Nigeria

Lekan Sanni, and Kofoworola Asisah

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.



The study examined possible relationships between residential housing design and occurrence of conflicts between residents in Agbowo area of Ibadan, Nigeria. A random sampling technique was used in sampling 280 households from all residential buildings in ten of the 41 streets in Agbowo. In all, 248 copies of the questionnaire were correctly filled, returned and used for analysis. Twelve design-based sources of conflict were identified and used for analysis. Descriptive statistics was used in analyzing respondents’ socio-economic characteristics while Chi-square test and Paired Samples t test were used to establish occurrence of significant variations in conflicts associated with building types (p<0.05), and existence of significant variations in degree of occurrence of conflicts associated with design-based sources by building Types (p<0.05). Strong associations were found 10 exist between incidence of conflicts and housing design type: Brazilian houses (91.9%), three bedroom flats in blocks of flats (7.7%), and, one bedroom flats (0.4%). Associations were also established between incidence of conflicts and design-based sources of conflict in tile study area: more than 90% for each of the ‘Entrance Porch’, ‘Source of Water’ and ‘Building’s Compound’; more than 80% for each of the shared ‘Verandah’, ‘Passage’, ‘Toilet’, ‘Bathroom’, ‘Kitchen’, and common ‘Drains’; 53.6% for ‘Parking Space’; 44.8% for ‘Bedroom ‘; and 43.5% for ‘Sifting Room / Parlour’, thus emphasizing the significance of housing design in generating or managing conflicts within residential buildings. Strategies were proposed to incorporate the research findings into housing designs.
Keywords: Housing types, conflict, public spaces, private spaces, Brazilian house


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