IBADAN JOURNAL OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

 

Ibadan Journal of the Social Sciences
Volume 13, No. 2, 2015
DOI: 10.36108/ijss/5102.31.0240

Substance Use, Fear of Future HIV Infection and Quality of Life of Household Heads in Rural and Semi Urban Communities of Ibadan

B.O. Olley

Department of Psychology, Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Ibadan. Nigeria

 

Abstract

Quality of life (QOL) among household heads is important because it may serve as a mirror to underlying family psychopathology and well-being. This study examined pattern of quality of life of household heads and the role of substance use (tobacco and alcohol) in the impact of fear of H IV infection on quality of life among household heads in Nigeria. Five hundred and seventy nine (male: 77%; female 24%) household heads with mean age 43.9± 12.23 participated in the study. Mean quality of life were (24.64, SD = ±4.80) jar physical, (10.73, SD = ±.2.11)for social, (24.57, SD = ±4.56); for environmental, and (21.44, SD = ±4.1l) for psychological). Multivariate analysis showed a significant effect of fear of future HIV infection on physical [F (3,564) = 13.367, p < .05}, and social [F (3,564) = 3.12, p < .05] qualities of life of household head respectively. A significantly effect of tobacco use was also observed on environmental quality of life [F (1, 564) = 85.313, p < .05}. A significant interaction effect of fear of future HIV infection and either alcohol or tobacco use on physical quality of life [F (2, 564) = 16.921 P < .05J was observed. Also shown was a significant interaction effect of alcohol and tobacco usage on the physical [F (1, 564) = 14.986, p < .05] as well as social [F (1,564) = 5.992, p < .05] qualities of life of the household heads. It was concluded that substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) may attenuate the impact of fear of future HIVIAIDS infection on quality of life of household heads in Ibadan, Nigeria.

 

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